Cardiac disorders worsen the final outcome in myasthenic crisis undergoing non-invasive mechanical ventilation: a retrospective 20-year study from a single center

Erika Iori 1, Alessandra Ariatti 1, Marco Mazzoli 1, Elisabetta Bastia 2, Manuela Gozzi 3, Virginia Agnoletto 2, Alessandro Marchioni 4, Giuliana Galassi 1

1 Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena, Italy; 2 Division of Cardiology, Baggiovara Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Modena, Italy; 3 Radiology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Modena, Italy; 4 Respiratory disease Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Modena, Italy

DOI 10.36185/2532-1900-064

The study was performed to evaluate the impact of cardiological disorders on the outcome of myasthenic crisis (MC) requiring ventilation.
The study includes 90 cases admitted to the Neurology Unit of Modena, Italy (January 2000 – September 2020). All patients were eligible for a non-invasive ventilation (NIV) trial. We analyzed the effect of cardiac comorbidities on the outcomes, which were the need of invasive ventilation, the risk tracheostomy for weaning failure and the duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay.
Females were 58.9% and males 41.1%. Median age at diagnosis was 59 and at MC was 65. Patients were classified as early (EOMG) or late (LOMG), 34.4 and 65.6% respectively, according to age above or below 50; 85% of patients were anti- AChR antibody positive. Hypertension and cardiac diseases occurred at the diagnosis in 61 and 44.4%, respectively. Invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) was needed in 34% of cases. Nine subjects (10%) underwent tracheostomy because of weaning failure. Independent predictors of NIV failure were atrial fibrillation (AF), either parossistic or persistent (OR 3.05, p < 0.01), hypertensive cardiopathy (HHD) (OR 2.52, p < 0.01) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) (OR 3.08, p < 0.01). Hypertension (HT) had no statistical effect on the outcomes. HHD was a predictor of weaning failure (OR 4.01, p = 0.017).
Our study shows that HHD, AF and IHD increase the risk of NIV failure in MC receiving ventilation. 

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