Clinicopathologic features in a case of intermuscular myopericitoma of thigh

Renata Hodzic 1, Mirsad Hodzic 2, Nermina Piric 1 and Zinaida Karasalihovic 3

1 Department of Neurology, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2 Department of Neurosurgery, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 3 Department of Pathology, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Myopericytoma is a benign tumor with the most common presentation as a well-circumscribed, slow-growing mass. It is frequently misdiagnosed as a sarcoma. We presented a 23-year-old patient with a history of a sciatic pain of the right leg. A careful physical examination discovered tumor-like mass in the posterior part of the thigh. Neurological finding showed a reduction of myotatic reflexes on the right leg with a weaker muscle strength on the right leg. The right leg musculature was slightly hypotrophic in the range of 2-3 cm comparing to left leg. Initially electrophysiological and radiological diagnostic with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar spine, pelvis and thighs were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging of the right thigh discovered a slow growing 2.1 × 3.8 cm sized mass that was initially described by radiologist as a neurinoma. Patient was admitted to department of neurosurgery and operated on for a tumor removal. Tumor was located intimately to femur and sciatic nerve and after careful dissection completely removed. Patient was doing well after surgery and discharge after three days from the hospital. In the postoperative period the symptoms disappeared. Histopathology showed a myopericitoma. Postoperative MRI after three months of follow up showed no tumor residues, and after 6 and 12 months there was no tumor recurrence. Myopericytoma behave in a benign fashion, but, because local recurrences and rarely metastases may occur in atypical and malignant neoplasms, a careful follow-up after radical resection is recommended.

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