Genotype phenotype analysis in a family carrying truncating mutations in the titin gene

Leema Reddy Peddareddygari 1, Ada Baisre-de León 2, Raji P. Grewal 1,3

1 Dynamic Biologics Inc., Monmouth Junction, New Jersey, USA; 2 Department of Pathology, Immunology & Laboratory Medicine, Rutgers-New Jersey medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA; 3 Neuroscience Institute, Saint Francis Medical Center, Trenton, New Jersey, USA

We report a family carrying a previously described truncating mutation, NM_001267550.2(TTN):c.107889del p.(Lys35963Asnfs*9) in exon 364, and a novel truncating mutation, NM_001267550.1:c.100704C > A p.(Tyr33568*) in exon 358 in the titin gene. The c.107889del mutation, which was maternally transmitted, has been previously described in patients from the Iberian Peninsula. The mother was of Peruvian descent suggesting a potential European ancestral origin of this mutation. In this family, a daughter, who is a compound heterozygote carrying both these mutations, developed a peripartum cardiomyopathy during her second pregnancy. Subsequently, she was diagnosed with a myopathy following electromyography testing and a muscle biopsy which showed fiber type disproportion. Her brother, who carries only the paternally inherited c.100704C > A mutation, developed a cardiomyopathy following a suspected viral illness. Their father, who transmitted this mutation, has no evidence of a cardiomyopathy. We hypothesize that the c.100704C > A mutation confers susceptibility to the development of cardiomyopathy which may be brought on by cardiovascular stress. Our study of this family expands the genotype and phenotype spectrum of disorders that can be associated with mutations in the titin gene.

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